What are the advantages and disadvantages of theory x and theory y

Google encourages their workers to come up with new ideas so that the company can take those ideas and create new applications.

mcgregors theory x and theory y advantages

So, X-Theory is considered as traditional theory and Y-theory as modern theory. Although a competitive environment produces more work output, it can also create conflict.

Criticism of theory x and y pdf

Work may be a source of satisfaction or punishment depending upon the controllable conditions. A Theory Y manager holds the view that if provided with the right conditions, team members will perform well. McGregor's methodology was flawed and in turn his conclusions were not even representative of the material that was defective. McGregor's theories, although over 40 years old, remain a basic principle from which to develop positive management. Summary — Theory X vs Theory Y The difference between theory X and theory Y is that theory X employees are associated with negative traits whereas theory Y employees are associated with positive traits. Sure, it's possible to succeed with someone else providing the motivation for you. One positive side effect of this is that Theory Y organizations tend to have employees with higher levels of responsibility at the lower rungs of the organization. Why motivating staff is the most difficult task for any kinds of managers? Jean Piaget, at the age of 10 published his first article, which described the albino sparrow he observed. In the 20th century, Theory X management style dominated many businesses where the managers perceived that the employees had the above-described traits. American psychologist and a founder of humanistic psychology who developed a hierarchical model of human motivation, in which a higher need, ultimately that for self-actualisation, is expressed only after lower needs are fulfilled. Also the employees are more likely to avoid work or become more distracted once the manger is out of sight. The average man works under proper conditions, not only to accept but seek responsibilities.

Theory X and Theory Y have to do with the perceptions managers hold of their employees, which then influence their management style. Theory X is negative and Theory Y can Leadership power, influence, situations, situational moderator McGregor's theories, although over 40 years old, remain a basic principle from which to develop positive management.

Jean Piaget, at the age of 10 published his first article, which described the albino sparrow he observed.

theory x and theory y examples

If you are in college because that's what your parents want, you may find it difficult to motivate yourself. He stated that managers should assist subordinates in reaching their full potential, rather than commanding and controlling.

For example, Japan has a highly skilled labor force that use technologically advanced equipment to produce cars and electrical equipment; however it does not have its own oil fields.

He proposed two sets of assumptions about how work attitudes and behaviors not only dominate the way mangers think but also affect how they behave in organizations.

Implications of theory x and y

Douglas McGregor is a social psychologist and applied two sets of assumptions to the organizational structure called Theory X and Theory Y. It proposes that providing In an organization, managers need to be ale able to motivate employees It is Theory Y managers are far more likely to develop a trusting relationship with their employees, with employees receiving satisfaction simply from doing their job well. Workers are generally poor decision makers. They are basically self-centered and do not care about organizational goals and objectives. Workers are committed to objectives and exercise self control and self direction to achieve them. McGregor considers Theory X and Theory Y as two different continua in themselves, they are not different ends of the same continuum. Motivation is the internal dive to accomplish a particular goal. They are also suggested to assume that employees inherently dislike work.

They are fully conscious of their job. The theories do not stand up to any criticism or scrutiny. Theory X Disadvantages Theory X management can obviously lead to a very punitive atmosphere with a strong blame culture.

challenges of theory x and y
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Difference Between Theory X and Theory Y