Many of the central arguments transfer readily to the contemporary situation, if you make appropriate changes. Pettit's analysis of freedom has inspired a number of recent works by political theorists sympathetic to the republican tradition.
Compare your answers with those below before reading on. According to some interpreters e. A drunkard who recognizes that his health will suffer and wealth will dissipate if he continues to drink does not, merely as a result of this recognition, stop drinking: but if he finds himself thirsty for drink and uneasy at the thought of missing his drinking companions, then he will go to the tavern.
The Progressive Reformulation of Liberty A.
So, in addition to thinking that some acts of mind are voluntary e. Negative freedom is a matter of the doors open to me, not of whether I happen to choose to go through them. Generally speaking, only the first group of theorists finds the notion of overall freedom interesting.
The state intervenes to prevent an alcoholic drinking himself to death on the grounds that this is what, in his sober and rational moments, he would clearly desire and so is a basic condition of his gaining true freedom. To live in a society requires all kinds of co-operation.
It is difficult to read all of these statements without thinking that Locke thinks of uneasiness as exerting not merely a pull, but also a push, on the mind.