The life of julius caesar and his dictatorship of rome

julius caesar biography

Finally, he wanted to knit together all of the provinces into a single cohesive unit. His increasing power and great ambition agitated many senators who feared Caesar aspired to be king.

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The term of his governorship, and thus his immunity from prosecution, was set at five years, rather than the usual one. After an astonishing day route-march, Caesar defeated Pompey's lieutenants, then returned east, to challenge Pompey in Illyria, where, in July 48 BC in the battle of DyrrhachiumCaesar barely avoided a catastrophic defeat.

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At the same time, Caesar was also careful to solidify his power and rule. Cleopatra visited Rome on more than one occasion, residing in Caesar's villa just outside Rome across the Tiber.

He set the length of the year to He also granted citizenship to foreigners living within the Roman Republic.

Julius caesar facts

Pompey was a war hero who had been badly treated by the Senate, while Crassus was a multimillionaire. He was elected quaestor for 69 BC, [35] and during that year he delivered the funeral oration for his aunt Julia , and included images of her husband Marius in the funeral procession, unseen since the days of Sulla. Meanwhile, Crassus still had never completely overcome his disdain for Pompey. Late that summer, having subdued two other tribes, he crossed into Britain , claiming that the Britons had aided one of his enemies the previous year, possibly the Veneti of Brittany. Historian and archaeologist Simon Elliott answers the key questions surrounding one of history's most compelling figures - Julius Caesar. In Spain, he conquered two local tribes and was hailed as imperator by his troops; he reformed the law regarding debts, and completed his governorship in high esteem. During his youth, the Roman Republic was in chaos. If he were to celebrate a triumph, he would have to remain a soldier and stay outside the city until the ceremony, but to stand for election he would need to lay down his command and enter Rome as a private citizen. Rome could not yet handle its own size and power. Caesar won, along with conservative Marcus Bibulus.
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A Summary of Julius Caesar’s Life and Achievements