Finally, the Court declared that the rights of slaveowners were constitutionally protected by the Fifth Amendment because slaves were categorized as property.
The decision in Dred Scott v. Moreover, the Court argued that even if Scott was deemed "free" under the laws of a state, he would still not qualify as an American citizen because he was black.
As they noted, the Supreme Court's decision began with the proposition that the federal courts did not have jurisdiction to hear Scott's case because he was not a citizen of the State of Missouri.
Could a slave-or a black person-actually be entitled to sue in federal courts? The Court's decision in Dred Scott v.
He ignored precedent, distorted history, imposed a rigid rather than a flexible construction on the Constitutionignored specific grants of power in the Constitution, and tortured meanings out of other, more-obscure clauses. Although later courts would adopt the policy of deciding constitutional questions on the narrowest possible grounds, the pre-Civil War courts often decided all issues that could support their rulings.
But Taney was determined to impose a judicial solution on the slavery controversy. This disallowance of popular sovereignty contributed to the national disorder over the spread of slavery. Inthe state court finally declared Scott free. Used by permission. Emerson had died inand Dred Scott had filed his suit against Irene Emerson.
Under such circumstances it does not behoove the State of Missouri to show the least countenance to any measure which might gratify this spirit.