Earth in solar system

Above the mantle, Earth has two kinds of crust. In many ways, the Moon is responsible for making Earth such a great home.

earth facts

However, astronomers are now hunting for another planet in our solar system, a true ninth planetafter evidence of its existence was unveiled on Jan. Ninety percent of Earth's atmosphere lies within just 10 miles of the planet's surface.


About a fifth of Earth's atmosphere consists of oxygen, produced by plants. Sparkling before us is a bright blue gem of dazzling complexity. Earth's atmosphere is made mostly of nitrogen and has plenty of oxygen for us to breathe. Above the mantle, Earth has two kinds of crust. The planet boasts several million species of life, living in habitats ranging from the bottom of the deepest ocean to a few miles into the atmosphere. The Moon is farther away from Earth than most people realize. To keep our yearly calendars consistent with our orbit around the Sun, every four years we add one day. During this circuit, our planet is an average of 93 million miles away from the sun, a distance that takes light about eight minutes to traverse. Venus has no natural satellites. The combination of silicon and oxygen is known as silica, and minerals that contain silica are known as silicate minerals.

The heliosphere and planetary magnetic fields for those planets that have them partially shield the Solar System from high-energy interstellar particles called cosmic rays.

Geologists think the temperature of Earth's outer core is about 6, to 7, degrees F 3, to 4, degrees C and that the inner core may reach 12, degrees F 7, degrees C — hotter than the surface of the sun. Did You Know?

Continental crust averages some 25 miles 40 km thick, although it can be thinner or thicker in some areas. The tallest of these mountains, Mt. It also protects us from meteoroids, most of which burn up in the atmosphere, seen as meteors in the night sky, before they can strike the surface as meteorites.

What is earth

With the Sun higher in the sky, solar heating is greater in the north producing summer there. Our planet is a bit closer to the sun in early January and farther away in July, although this variation has a much smaller effect than the heating and cooling caused by the tilt of Earth's axis. Some astronomers like to consider Ceres as a 10th planet not to be confused with Nibiru or Planet X , but that line of thinking opens up the possibility of there being 13 planets, with more bound to be discovered. When charged particles from the sun get trapped in Earth's magnetic field, they smash into air molecules above the magnetic poles, causing them to glow. The closer they are to the Sun, the faster they travel inner planets on the left, all planets except Neptune on the right. Most people up to the Late Middle Ages — Renaissance believed Earth to be stationary at the centre of the universe and categorically different from the divine or ethereal objects that moved through the sky. Sunlight heats the planet's surface, causing warm air to rise into the troposphere. Earth is the fifth largest of the planets in the solar system. It will likely exit North America and reach Siberia in a matter of decades. However, astronomers are now hunting for another planet in our solar system, a true ninth planet , after evidence of its existence was unveiled on Jan.

Earth's axis of rotation is tilted Wind and rain gradually erode the mountains and create vast sandy plains. Earth rotates on its axis every Some are small in scale and may be mechanical—called orreries —whereas others extend across cities or regional areas.

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Solar System Planets: Order of the 8 (or 9) Planets