Disadvantage and advantage of intergovernmental relations

The legislatures simply do not have the resources to cope with the exacting demands of legislative scrutiny or to deal with bills expeditiously within the legislative cycle.

Structure of intergovernmental relations

Intergovernmental Fiscal relations The Audit Report maps out the constitutional responsibilities of the spheres in their fiscal relations and the inherent tensions in the system — reflecting the conceptual inconsistencies in the power relations between the spheres [referred to earlier in the Audit]. Because of these misunderstandings, the process was conceived as more complex and cumbersome than it should be. Inter-jurisdictional IGR There are two categories into which this type of interaction falls: relations between some or all of the regional units and the central government; and relations among some or all of the regional units themselves, in the absence of the central government. Where they cannot come to an agreement, the court which is approached by one party, may well refer the dispute back; a failure even to agree on a method of non-judicial dispute settlement could well be evidence that "every reasonable effort to settle" has not been made. The chapters referred to appear in the same order in the Final Report. It may involve all the units in a federation, only some of the units for example, a regional, cultural or economic grouping , or only two of the units either the central government and one of the regional units, or two regional units in bilateral relation with one another. The Audit examined it closely. Provided by: OpenStax; Rice University. This again calls for focused capacity building in the areas of provincial competencies. Where formerly the IGF was seen as the instrument at the apex of the intergovernmental relations system, it was, in the view of the Audit Team, an early instrument of IGR whose structure and functions were mutually incompatible. Examples of regional meetings in Canada would be the Western Premiers Conference and the Council of Atlantic Premiers; in the United States, the Great Lakes governors and the New England governors meet regularly to consider regional issues. Hence there is hardly an opportunity for a considered view to be heard from the provincial legislatures. They would also have a monitoring function. Practice Questions Describe the advantages of federalism.

Practice suggests that where disputes did arise, they were approached in the spirit of co-operative government by seeking compromises through the political process. An important feature of this framework is the formal responsibility of premiers to use their executive authority to ensure the delivery of services through co-operative interaction with local government.

Derthick, Martha, ed.

intergovernmental relations strategy

The existence of a significant, concentrated cultural minority may encourage a greater degree of formalization of IGR rules and processes than might otherwise be the case.

IGR in a given country may be highly institutionalized, with formal structures and processes that channel intergovernmental activity, or it may be conducted in an informal, ad hoc fashion, depending heavily on the nature of the circumstances and the preference of the particular political actors.

Advantages of intergovernmental relations

The fear was expressed by interviewees that legislation should not make the process of dispute resolution inflexible or too cumbersome which would then defeat the object of the exercise. Assymetry in the design of regulation was possible so long as it was not inconsistent with the general principles underlying the proposed legislation. Cross-border regional meetings between American governors and Canadian provincial premiers have grown out of these activities carried on north and south of the 49th parallel. What impact have these reforms had on IGR in your country? The result is that, over time, the tax rate in all of the states continues to get higher and higher without end, never getting lower, but always higher. The proposed legislation should address the above and help to co-ordinate the system. There is thus a real disjuncture between intergovernmental relations in general and the structuring of supervision. It would be even more difficult to have control over the laws that govern over our lives if we had a world government and put most control in their hands. There are many advantages and disadvantages to our federal system of government, the benefits of which many believe outweigh the negatives. In addition, as Russian experience suggests, the intergovernmental relations of a country in which the rule of law has but shallow roots, will be profoundly shaped by that reality. As decisions are not constitutionally binding on the parties to MINMECs, the effect of a dispute is to prevent recommendations from being unanimous, with particular implications for the alignment of policy, integrated development planning and service delivery. The Blockage of Nationalist Policies by States — States can fight against the existence of certain national laws by challenging them in court, or going out of their way to not enforce those national laws, or even deliberately obstructing enforcement of national laws.

Note should be taken of the considerable groundwork required before binding instruments into statutory structures and the experience of the Budget Council in this respect is instructive. To deal with some interprovincial disputes, legislative authorities should authorise the establishment of joint provincial commissions.

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Advantages and Disadvantages of Federalism