Odysseus is famous for wittily deceiving others through verbal means, fact noted by Menelaus and Helen of Troy Book While much of Homer's work is devoted to Odysseus' journey, an examination of his son Telemakhos provides an excellent example of character development.
Each disguise has its own purpose, such as Athene's image as Mentor to advise Telemachos.
O Brother, Where Art Thou? Before she talks to Telemachos, Athena disguises herself as a wise old man in order to ensure that her words carry weight and are taken seriously.
Her purpose was to assist and encourage Telemachos into searching news of his long lost father without revealing her true identity of divinity.
Being old and wise, and especially male, helps put more power behind the words spoken by Mentor because men were received with greater influence than women were.
It shows that Ancient Greeks are very imaginative and creative. One example of this is the Trojan War She knows that she must assist and encourage Telemachos into searching for his long lost father without revealing her divine nature, so she assumes the guise of Mentor because men were generally given more credibility in those days.
There is a copious amount of major characters in the story The story was a Greek epic poem, illustrating the struggle of Odysseys, the hero, to return home.
Odysseus, favored by Athene in return for his devotion to her, would also understand this value.