A comparison of islam and christianity in the context of their significance in todays society

sharia law

Basing their view on the Qur'anic statement that God has never left any people without a prophet, many Muslims recognize a certain validity for other religions. But if he goes against it, he loses his liberty, or to put it more precisely, he loses his standing in Muslim society.

Today Islam is moving toward a position more like that of Western religion, with separation of church and state. In the context of religious pluralism, whether rooted in a long history, or experienced in more recent times, interfaith marriages can provide opportunities for inter-religious understanding; they can also raise many difficulties, not the least of which is the question of the religious upbringing of children.

judaism and christianity similarities

They differ only in form. Unlike the Gregorian calendar and others based on the astronomical solar year—the length of time it takes for the earth to revolve around the sun—the Islamic calendar is based on the lunar year. Qur'an Lo! Mohammed did not prove the validity of his message by miracles.

Islam and christianity family tree

The San Antonio Report. Christians often complain that the Shari'a, even when it protects the freedom of Christian worship and practices and guarantees their right to have their own personal law, leads inevitably to their marginalization. There are situations where national unity and communal stability are in grave danger. And even the old Muslim code is civil to some extent, particularly in marriage, which is carried out by a written contract, the conditions of which are dictated by both parties. McGinn ed. The differences are glaring and clear. In Cairo any book discussing Islam is sure of a big sale. More recently still, during the last twenty-five years, dialogue between Christians and Muslims, such as that initiated by the World Council of Churches and the Vatican, as well as Muslim organizations at both international and national levels, has seen the beginning of a new understanding based on a reciprocal willingness to listen and learn. The Koran is the Book of Islam. It depends on mutual trust, demands respect for the identity and integrity of the other, and requires a willingness to question one's own self-understanding as well as an openness to understand others on their own terms. Exception vs. There are many points of convergence between Christian and Islamic beliefs - both understand God as Creator and Sustainer, as Just and Merciful, as a God who reveals His word and who will call people to account for their stewardship over creation. The Jews of Islam. However, there are also real and substantial differences between Christian and Islamic teaching - many of which stem directly or indirectly from our respective scriptures.

But in later centuries a legalistic hardening of the arteries set in—an unquestioning acceptance of authority became the rule and customs and conventions were frozen to the point where little social change or progress was possible.

The San Antonio Report. McAulliffe, Jane.

Is christianity the oldest religion

They say: Our Lord, we believe. The special message of Islam is twofold. Many strongly affirm their human rights against all forms of racism and xenophobia, call for a greater participation in public life, and seek, at the same time, a recognition of their particularities as individuals and communities. This cannot be otherwise acquired or grasped by any work, law or merit. In the context of religious pluralism, whether rooted in a long history, or experienced in more recent times, interfaith marriages can provide opportunities for inter-religious understanding; they can also raise many difficulties, not the least of which is the question of the religious upbringing of children. Social and individual justice are evolving concepts which depend largely upon a variety of external considerations. These include questions of Christian self identity and self-expression in relation to Islam as well as those of understanding its significance.

Expression The most tolerant expressions of Islam are found when: 1 Muslims are the minority in a country, as in America; or 2 the Muslim-dominated country is quite secular, as in Indonesia.

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Islam Past and Present