A campaign to reduce driving under the influence or driving while intoxicated related accidents in a
First, there is evidence that greater frequency of drinking is positively associated with more frequent drunken driving and negatively associated with accident risk at any given BAC Borkenstein et al.
Strategies to prevent drunk driving
Only It seems at first glance easier and less expensive to hand out stiffer penalties to convicted drinking drivers than to beef up enforcement. The total costs resulting from drunk driving would remain the same. Specifically, BAC levels in 27 percent of studies reported significant impairment by 0. Educational and therapeutic treatments for arrested drunk drivers, such as the drinking driver schools operating in many states, rarely cause a reduction in recidivism compared with traditional punitive measures such as fines. Because there have been few such efforts, this section offers few conclusions; it does raise questions that seem to warrant further investigation. The remaining chapters in this book describe these measures in detail and present the evidence for their effectiveness. All of these steps impose some costs on the third party: reduction in profit or apparent hospitality, the expense or inconvenience of arranging alternative transportation or lodging for the inebriate, or the unpleasantness of telling a person that he or she is for the moment incompetent to drive. After all, those who currently drive drunk are not deterred by the small risk of a very severe penalty—accidental death. If people feel they have broken the law themselves, they are inclined to judge others leniently. In , 4, people operating a motorcycle were killed in traffic crashes.
Physically restrain or report to police an intoxicated guest or patron who insists on driving. The same is true of other attempts to make vehicles in general more crashworthy.
Changing the Environment Laws, server intervention, and mass media campaigns are designed to reduce the amount of drunk driving and hence the number of accidents caused by it.
Even among those crashes with driver BAC of 0. Surveys show that seven out of every ten Americans at some point since the campaign was initially launched have attempted to stop another person from driving after drinking.
Drug impaired drivers still show impairment during the battery of standardized field sobriety tests, but there are additional tests to help detect drug impaired driving.
Typically, some individuals who have been repeatedly convicted of DUI can continue driving but only by using an ignition interlock. All states and the District of Columbia except Utah define impairment as driving with a BAC blood alcohol concentration at or above 0.
Drunk driving facts
Only 4. Alternative Transportation To have an intoxicated person ride public transportation is safer for himself or herself and, of course, for others. Yet in the highest percentage of drunk drivers with BACs of. The promotional campaign involved displayed banners, distributed flyers and posters and numerous presentations. Taken together, these data indicate that BAC above 0. If you see an impaired driver on the road, contact local law enforcement. The British expected the Alcotest to revolutionize the workings of the court on drunk driving cases. The correlations with drinking frequency bias Table 2 toward underestimating the accident reduction, since those who currently drive drunk, if sober, would have a lower accident risk than those who currently drive sober. For the 3 months following passage of the act, casualties from traffic accidents were reduced 16 percent from the same period the previous year, and fatalities were reduced 23 percent Ross , p. Although there are problems in speculating on what would have happened in the absence of the legislation, the significant change in the slope of the casualty rate curves. Revoking or suspending a license would be automatic for any individual who refuses to take a breath test or blood test. In the first year of the act, the percentage of drivers killed who were legally drunk dropped from 27 percent to 17 percent. Some evaluations have reported a decrease in the DWI rearrest rate due to educational or therapeutic treatment, but such reports appear to vary inversely with the scientific rigor of the evaluation. Passive restraint systems, for instance such as air bags or automatic seat belts , would protect vehicle occupants regardless of alcohol involvement in a crash, but they would be differentially effective in protecting drunk drivers involved in accidents since they are less likely to use conventional seat belts than are drivers involved in accidents in general Sterling-Smith , p.
If, however, information is available that would help individuals avoid driving when dangerously or illegally drunk without radically changing their values and social behavior, then disseminating such information would be a useful countermeasure.
Charles Crawford suggests putting several pages on the effects of alcohol in driver's license handbooks, which are among the most widely read booklets in America.
based on 19 review